Like most other states, the number of dairy farms continues to decrease, due to fluctuating milk prices and higher input costs. In just the past ten years alone, New York has lost 2,800 farms, bringing the number of dairy farms down 35 percent to 5,100 farms in 2010. As the number of dairy farms decreases, the size of our dairy farms increase. The average size dairy farm in New York is now 113 cows per farm. Despite these changes, New York has been able to maintain milk production around 12 billion pounds annually.